The single best way to prevent seasonal flu is to get vaccinated each year, but good health habits like covering your cough and washing your hands often can help stop the spread of germs and prevent respiratory illness like the flu. There also are flu antiviral drugs that can be used to treat and prevent flu. The flu can turn into pneumonia if left un-treated.
Avoid close contact.
Avoid close contact with people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too.
Stay home when you are sick.
If possible, stay home from work, stores, and errands when you are sick. This will help prevent spreading your illness to others.
Cover your mouth and nose.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick.
Clean your hands.
Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth.
Practice other good health habits.
Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces at home, in your vehicle, and at work especially when someone is ill. Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food. Drinking water and getting ample rest are required to reduce fever and aid in your body’s recovery mechanisms.
“You might think of the flu as a really bad cold but it can be a death sentence.
Every year 36,000 people die of seasonal flu in the United States.”
Seth Berkley, Epidemiologist U.S. Center for Disease Control