Defensive Driving

For some of us, one of the most dangerous things we do every day is driving to and from work. For others, driving is a big part
of the job. In order to complete our driving tasks safely on a day to day basis we must incorporate the following techniques
into our everyday lives.

✓ Do a quick walk around your vehicle to evaluate the condition of your vehicle prior to getting on the road.
✓ Secure all loose items in your vehicle. Do not attempt to catch items sliding around in your car.
✓ Always keep your eyes moving, constantly looking at your side and rear-view mirrors, up, behind
and to both sides of the vehicle. Maintain a visual of 2-3 car lengths in front of you.✓ When changing lanes, physically turn your head around to check your blind spot. Followed by checking your side and rear-view mirrors.
✓ Always look out for motorcycles, bicycles, pedestrians and smaller vehicles. Take a double took
at oncoming traffic in nicer weather for these.
✓ Leave at least 2 seconds in front of you and the car in front of you. During inclement weather, increase this to at least 5 seconds. If others cut in, then back off the distance again.
✓ Always give yourself an out. Avoid remaining next to other automobiles, move ahead or drop behind them to allow yourself room for maneuvering in case something happens.
✓ Stop prior to stop signs and then roll forward slightly to get a better look in each
✓ Avoid using a cell phone when possible. If necessary, always use a hands-free device.
✓ Always use signals and be sure to signal ahead of time to communicate your intensions to other drivers.
✓ Refrain from driving while suffering from emotional distress or tiredness. Stop for fresh air or move around in order to wake up.
✓ Avoid backing up whenever possible. Always back into parking spaces when possible.First Move Forward!
✓ Where your seatbelt. In an FSI company vehicle its required 100% of the time.
✓ Be predictable; avoid multiple lane changes at once and last-minute turn signal
✓ Tell someone where you are headed, the route you will take, and what time you should be expected to arrive so they will
know if you have had a problem along the way.
✓ Observe and abide by all traffic laws.

✓ PAY ATTENTION, or else it may be too late!! Distracted driving while texting or on the phone is not acceptable.
Help reduce the likelihood of vehicle accidents by always practicing the tips mentioned above. Remain alert and always
remember a defensive driver is a safe driver.


Arrive Alive. Always buckle up! Never Text and Drive.
Shell Oil Company, Global Communications Safety Program

Accessing Trucks and Equipment

Falling while getting into or out of truck cabs or heavy equipment or when mounting or dismounting tanker truck bodies or trailers can
cause serious injuries. Many knee, ankle and back injuries result from jumping from equipment onto uneven ground or objects.
The biggest cause of falls from a vehicle is human error and failure to follow the “Three Point Rule”. The Three Point
Rule requires three of four points of contact to be maintained with the vehicle at all times – two hands and one foot,
or both feet and one hand. This system allows maximum stability and support, reducing the likelihood of slipping and
There are important steps that can be taken to prevent mounting/dismounting injuries with the use of the Three-Point
Rule being the most important. To climb on and off trucks & construction equipment safely, always maintain three points
of contact. That means two hands and one foot or two feet and one hand on the equipment at all times.


Evaluate every truck and piece of equipment.

Provide additional steps, non-slip surfaces and hand holds where necessary.

 Maintain steps, contact surfaces, and handholds in useable condition. Inspect frequently.

Instruct all workers in safely mounting and dismounting equipment, including the 3-point contact method

Install warning decals or signs in the cab or on the door of trucks and heavy equipment reminding workers
to use 3-point contact.


Keep steps, ladders and standing surfaces free of snow, mud and debris. Report damage immediately.

Don’t use tires or wheel hubs as a step surface.

Don’t use the doorframe or door edge as a handhold.

Wear footwear with good support and slip resistance.

Look out the window and park the vehicle in an area of flat, debris-free ground whenever possible.

Don’t climb down with something in your hand. Leave it on the vehicle floor and retrieve it after getting
safely on the ground.
 Don’t rush to climb out after a long shift.

Never ride on the outside or steps of a vehicle
or equipment.

Descend slowly to avoid straining a muscle.

Be extra careful when working in inclement weather.

Exit and enter facing the cab.

Get a firm grip on rails or handles.

Break 3-point contact only when you reach the ground, the cab, or a stable platform.

Mount and dismount facing the equipment.

Climb on and off only when the equipment is stationary.

Use the parts designed by the manufacturer for mounting and dismounting—steps, running boards, traction
strips, footholds, handgrips, etc.
Keep these parts clear of mud, snow, grease, and other hazards that can cause slips, trips, or falls.

Don’t use wheel hubs, machine tracks, or door handles for mounting and dismounting.

Never Jump! You may land on an uneven surface, off balance or on something. Look before exiting

Call 911 and 811 damage response when you have reached a safe distance. If there are emergency phone numbers on posts or
markers for the line it is ok to call these companies directly.

See the Fiore Safe Work Practice #017 – “Ascending and Descending Trucks and Equipment”. Review the practice with your team.

“The best advice I ever got was to stay focused and keep moving forward”
Walt Disney, Entertainment Mogul


Vehicle and Equipment Blind Spots

Vehicle and Equipment Blind SpotsHeavy trucks & equipment is used on many different kinds of work sites all around the world. This equipment is very effective for the job it was designed to do, but it can also be very hazardous. Proper work planning as well as operating equipment within its designed limits are important basic steps for safe operation.


Struck-by hazards – Heavy equipment is responsible for many injuries and fatalities in the workplace. Ground personnel are far too often struck by equipment when they are in the line of fire.

Property damage – When operators do not see vehicles, materials, objects, tools, buildings, etc. in their area of operation property damage occurs. This costs employers millions of dollars a year in losses.

Collisions – when vehicles and equipment get close the risk of an accidental collision increases exponentially. The closer the riskier. Blind spots, complacency, and congested work areas are the leading causes of jobsite collisions.

Miscommunication – not having a well-defined and well understood plan is by far the most common hazard resulting in accidents. Take the time to walk down the job, route, and directions to get everyone on the same page BEFORE starting.

Best Practices:

  • All vehicles & equipment should be inspected and readied prior to use. Adjust the seats, mirrors, clean windows and check radios as part of the daily inspection process. Any problems found with equipment should be corrected before it is used. Document all defects on the daily inspection log.
  • A defined route and clear visual path for the operator when moving equipment from the point of origin to the work site. Stop look and listen before you take off or make a move. Take that extra second to look to your left, right and rear before moving that equipment or truck.
  • Operators should complete a walk around of their equipment every time before getting back into the cab to be sure no objects, people, or vehicles are in a blind spot. Someone might have just moved an item into the area a few minutes ago.
  • Establish a danger zone, that is; the working area where contact could result in personal injury or damage during operations.
  • Maintain a clear line of site between the operator and workers. Blind spots are common. If you can’t see the operator, they can’t see you. Always try to walk on the driver side of equipment as the passenger side has a larger blind spot.
  • Workers should keep a safe distance from all sides of the heavy equipment while it is in use. Be aware of the swing radius on certain equipment and, if possible, cordon off the area with barriers or caution tape.
  • Work areas should be properly delineated and enough space given to heavy equipment to operate properly. Clear out all unnecessary personnel, objects, and vehicles from where the equipment is operating. Keep light trucks back from the active work scene.
  • Operators should complete a walk around of their equipment every time before getting back into the cab to be sure no objects, people, or vehicles are in a blind spot.
  • Pull over to the side out of the way if you get confused, need directions or have to make or take a phone call. Loss of attention while you get things sorted puts you and others at risk as they maneuver around you.

20 Feet or 2 Eyes:

Fiore & Sons practice calls for us to keep 20 feet between all heavy equipment and trucks while on site or use 2 eyes of a spotter to help get in close to execute the work. Never drive up under the blind spot and turning radius of a pieces of heavy equipment like a scraper, excavator or crane. Use the “20 feet or 2 eyes” rule every day.

Speak up when others are in your blind spot; Listen up to avoid an injury or accident.

Download PDF to view Common Equipment & Truck Blind Spot Diagrams

Injury Fall from Trench Box Ladder

Injury Fall from Trench Box LadderDESCRIPTION

While installing mainline piping for residential development in Castle Pines, CO an employee fell onto bedding while descending a ladder into a trench box. The ladder was extended above the box 8 feet and not secured at the bottom; being only hooked over the trench box ladder hook on the left side facing the run. As he mounted the ladder on the trench side it pivoted, he lost his balance and fell into the trench. Fortunately, the injured person was not seriously hurt being able to complete the day’s work afterward.

Overnight he was sore requesting and received medical treatment the following day, given two doses of prescription pain medication by the physician. Due to an oversight, he was not D&A tested although per policy he was required to do so. The Foreman and Laborer were both given disciplinary warnings. The laborer stated he had a close call earlier with the ladder pivoting due to not being secured, but failed to act on it. This is an OSHA Recordable Injury Incident.


Procedure or Practice not Fully Developed: During the investigation it was determined that a Safe Work Practice (SWP) did not exist for the routine task of assembling and using the trench box and access. A SWP is needed so all persons understand what is expected of them to work safely.

Incomplete Training/Communication: Failure to Utilize STOP Work, See Something Say Something (SSSS) or Speak-Up Listen-Up (SULU) practices by the craftsman and his co-worker present to secure the ladder after having a close call earlier in the day. Trench ladder use is considered routine and was not addressed in the Daily Toolbox. Toolbox talks are to capture routine tasks as well as new ones.

>Look into alternate ladder attachments, ladder types, and available equipment for double stack trench box applications.Incomplete or Inadequate Inspection: The Trench and Excavation Inspection form was competed but not thoroughly. The section addressing on safe access was not adequately looked at for ladder securement, and a clear access transition onto/off of ladder adjacent to the trench box.


> Prepare a (1) Safety Alert and (2) Safe Work Practice to share with work crews via Tailgate Topics and onsite Awareness. Discuss implementing SWP at next Foreman’s Meeting. Require all ladders to be secured with a safe access landing.

> The fall was significant and should have resulted in immediate notification to supervision and the employee being evaluated by a doctor. The D&A policy requires testing when employees are seen by doctor. Review policy with employees, Foreman and Supts.

> Update the FSI Trench & Excavation Form to add detail to the access and trench box set up portion. Have ready for next Foreman’s Meeting.

> Supervisors and HSE staff to document review of T&E Inspection form and all ladder usage as part of the Routine Safety Site Safety Inspection.

> Look into alternate ladder attachments, ladder types, and available equipment for double stack trench box applications.

Tips for Clear Communication with Two Way Radios

Radios are placed in company vehicles and equipment as a means of efficient & safe communications. They are not toys, a place for standup comedy routine or to discuss your weekend plans.

Think before you speak.

  • Decide what you are going say and to whom it is meant for.
  • Make your conversations as concise, precise, and clear as possible.
  • Avoid long and complicated sentences. Use brief messages.
  • Your voice should be clear. Speak a little slower than normal. Speak in a normal tone.
  • Do not use abbreviations or slang unless they are well understood by your group

Be Prepared: When you have the talk button pressed, no one else in your group can speak or be heard. Two way radios are a one-at-a-time system unlike telephones where you can interrupt and talk over each other. Think about your message beforehand. Think before you speak is always good advice.

Identify Yourself and Who the Message is for: Onsite all share the same radio channel. Use good manners to identify yourself immediately when you start transmitting. Get the attention of the person you want before relaying your message. “OVER” is used to let the other person know you’ve finished speaking.

Examples: “Corn Dog, this is Trash, OVER, dump the cut near me” or “Jake this is Sparky OVER, can you join me here at the pit?

Be patient: The other person may not be able to respond immediately; give them time to reply before re-sending your call.

Use short, clear and concise messages: As two way radios only allow one person to speak at a time, it’s best to keep your transmissions short, clear and to the point. This gives other users an opportunity to acknowledge your message or request further clarification before you carry on with your next point.

Radio users often repeat a message utilizing three way communication to make it clear that they’ve heard and understood the information.

Three-Way Comms: Sender says his message, receiver repeats it back, sender agrees or provides more detail. Always keep messages short.

Pause before speaking: When you first press the push to talk (PTT) button, there can be a short delay before your radio transmits. This could result in your first couple of words being cut off, so wait a second or two before speaking to be sure your listeners receive your whole message.

Learn the lingo: It helps two way radio communication when everyone understands and uses similar language and etiquette, especially when there are more than two people using the channel.

  • Over – I’ve finished speaking
  • Say Again – Repeat your last message
  • Stand-by – I got it, but can’t talk right now
  • Go ahead – I can respond, go ahead with your message
  • Roger – message received and understood
  • Affirmative / Negative – Yes / No
  • Out – Conversation is finished

The phonetic alphabet: It’s often necessary to clarify an important part of your message by spelling it out. Following is a list showing the phonetics used for the alphabet:


Use your radio professionally. If not, your handset will be removed and you will have to follow instead of lead.

Confined Spaces are Dangerous Places

Sewers are often confined work spacesWHAT IS A CONFINED SPACE?

A confined space can be any space of an enclosed nature where there is a risk of death or serious injury from hazardous substances or dangerous conditions (eg. lack of oxygen).

Some confined spaces are fairly easy to identify, eg enclosures with limited openings:

  • Storage tanks
  • Silos
  • Enclosed drains
  • Sewers
  • Manholes
  • Vaults

Others may be less obvious, but can be equally dangerous, for example:

  • Open-topped chambers
  • Storm box culverts
  • Trenches & pits
  • Ductwork
  • Crawl spaces
  • Unventilated or poorly ventilated rooms
  • Engine compartments
  • Dump truck beds & vehicle undercarriage

It is not possible to provide a comprehensive list of confined spaces. Some places may become confined spaces when work is carried out, or during their construction, fabrication or subsequent modification. NEVER enter a Confined Space without the correct training, supervision, risk assessments and written method of work.

Lack of oxygen and toxic fumes are highly dangerous aspects of working in confined spacesWHAT ARE THE RISKS?

A number of people are killed or seriously injured in confined spaces each year in the U.S. This happens in a wide range of industries, from those involving complex plant to simple storage vessels. Those killed include not only people working in the confined space but those who try to rescue them without proper training and equipment.

Dangers can arise in confined spaces because of, lack of oxygen, poisonous gas, fume or vapors, liquids/solids that can fill the space, fire, explosion and hot conditions.


A suitable and sufficient assessment must be carried out of the risks for all work activities for the purpose of deciding what measures are necessary for safety. For work in confined spaces, this means identifying the hazards present, assessing the risks and determining what precautions to take. A confined space risk assessment must be carried out by a company designated competent person with sufficient experience and familiarity with the relevant work and equipment so that they fully understand the risks involved.


Utilize the FSI Safe Work Permit and carry out atmospheric testing. Determine if the space is permit required or is a non-permit required space. Many are non-permit requiring but are still potentially dangerous. Have a light source, a rescue plan and utilize the tripod with a harness for entry so the attendant does not have to enter to rescue the entrant. Ventilation and fresh air are needed to ensure safe breathing atmosphere for the entrant. Discuss the hazards and the controls at the Daily Huddle toolbox before starting the work. Plan ahead several days to assemble all the required tools and training before they are needed.

Confined spaces are dangerous places; review the hazards and establish controls before entering one.

Fire Extinguisher Use and Inspection

Fire extinguishers are an important tool in preventing a small fire from growing larger. However, they should not be used to combat large or rapidly spreading fires. The most important thing to do during a fire is to get yourself and coworkers to safety then call the proper authorities (911) to combat the fire. Equipment, building, and property are not worth putting yourself or anyone at risk trying to put it out with a fire extinguisher. It is important to understand how to use a fire extinguisher and the limitations they have. Most only spray for 10 to 30 secs after that you are left beating out the fire with a red cylinder on the end of a hose!

Fire extinguishers are only designed to fight small firesP.A.S.S. Method

The easiest way to remember how to use a fire extinguisher is to follow the P.A.S.S. method. The PASS acronym was developed to allow people to remember the basic four steps to properly use a fire extinguisher.

P- Pull. Pull the pin. Hold the extinguisher away and release the locking mechanism.

A- Aim. Aim the stream towards the base of the fire. Spraying the flames will not put the fire out.

S- Squeeze. Squeeze the lever slowly and evenly. Pulling the lever too fast may shoot the stream from your target wasting the valuable firefighting agent.

S- Sweep. Sweep the nozzle side to side to combat the fire.

Fire Extinguisher Limitations

  • A dry chemical fire extinguisher (“ABC”) will reach a distance between 5 and 20 feet. It is important to be familiar with the models used in your work areas.
  • A 10lb to 20lb dry chemical fire extinguisher will last anywhere from 10 to 30 seconds.
  • Fire extinguishers are only designed to fight small fires. A rule of thumb is the size of the fire should not be any larger than the size of a small trash can.

Fire extinguishers are an important tool in preventing a small fire from growing largerFire Extinguisher Inspection Tips

  • Extinguishers in office, yard and onsite should be checked each month. Extinguishers on equipment should be checked every day with the Daily Inspection. These inspections should be documented and turned in. A formal check by a third party of all fire extinguishers is done annually and a decal applied to the body.
  • Ensure the pressure is okay when inspecting a fire extinguisher. There is a gauge that has an arrow that should be in the green portion of the gauge. If the arrow is in the red the fire extinguisher needs to be tagged out of service until recharged.
  • Check to make sure the pin is still in place. Often times the pin is bumped out of place leaving the chance of accidental discharge occurring.
  • Look for rust on the container and ensure that the label is in good readable condition. Verify that the latch or strap holds the unit in place.
  • Look for mud, insects, and debris in the hose end of the extinguisher to make sure it is not plugged. Check to see if the hose is cracked or damaged.
  • Make sure there is a tag on the extinguisher and it is signed off each month. Operators/drivers sign off on their equipment extinguishers.
  • Turn in used or inoperative extinguisher to warehouse or your supervisor to be serviced or a replacement one put in its place.


It is important to know more than just where the fire extinguishers are located in your work area. Make sure you know how to properly use them in case the time comes where you need to extinguish a fire. Always make sure the fire extinguishers in your work areas are in good condition through thorough inspections. If you are unsure on extinguisher operation ask your supervisor for help & demonstration.

All equipment, trucks, pumps, gensets, mechanics, oilers, offices & welding areas are to have a fire extinguisher.

Safe Work Practice – Manhole and Grate Opening

Fiore and Sons Inc. as a utility and earth moving contractor has a risk for injury when opening manholes and storm sewer grates. Although a routine task, improperly opening manholes can result in an injury.

Removing Manhole lid

Due Diligence

Before opening a manhole or grate carry out the following:

  • Obtain authorization to open the manhole. Some installations require a permit from the owner before proceeding.
  • Secure the area with cones or barricades as necessary to protect the public.
  • Have correct and adequate tools for the job on hand. Shovel, block, manhole hook, large screwdriver, sledgehammer may all be needed depending on the type of lid.
  • Obtain 811 locates if the job will require excavating near or beside a manhole or grating.
  • Be prepared to perform air monitoring and testing with a calibrated device.
  • Hold a Safety Huddle Toolbox to discuss the details of the operation.
  • Ensure the crew is trained in the Safe Work Practice for opening gratings and manholes.

Safe Work Practice

Below is a pictorial representation of the appropriate way to open a manhole. Many manholes differ in design and may require more thought and preparation to have the correct tools and plan in place before starting. Do not underestimate the danger and risk of the task.

Many manholes differ in design

Removing Manhole lid or grating:

  • Have a co-worker watch for traffic. Strike the lid with a hammer if necessary to loosen it.
  • Clean out the pick pocket and firmly insert the hook into the lid opening.
  • Come to the far side of the manhole before picking. Stand on the opposite side of the hook.
  • With your back straight and your knees slightly bent use the hook as a lever to pop open the lid.
  • Firmly plant your feet and with your back straight use your legs to push down on the hook and pry up the lid.
  • To readjust the hook pry point, insert a block between the lid and rim. Do not place fingers or feet under lid.
  • Pull the lid toward yourself using care not to place your fingers or feet under the lid.
  • Drag the lid toward yourself and onto the ground. Be able to see the opening the whole time you are pulling the lid.
  • Prop the lid on a block so it’s easier to reinsert the hook later to replace the lid.

Replacing the Manhole lid or grating:

  • Clean the rim edge to remove debris that keeps the lid from seating properly. Do not lean over the opening.
  • Move to the opposite side of the lid and place the hook underneath it.
  • Do not place your fingers under the lid or use your foot as a block to set the hook.
  • Remove the block and any nearby tools so they do not end up in the bottom of the manhole.
  • Plant your feet and with a straight back use your legs to slide the lid back over the opening.
  • Do not rush and do not pull with your back to lift the lid back in place.
  • On the opposite side of the lid use your foot or shovel to push the lid back in. Keep the lid between you and the opening.

Spotter Duties – Having Courage To Speak Up

A spotter is necessary for heavy equipment and vehicles OSHA’s View on Spotters

OSHA 1926.1408 states a spotter must:

  • Dedicated to the task, who is in continuous contact with the operator.
  • Be trained and equipped to identify the minimum clearance distance from objects & hazards.
  • Be positioned to see hazards & effectively gauge the clearance distance.
  • Able to communicate directly with the operator.
  • Provide timely information to the operator so that the required clearance distance or avoidance can be maintained.

When do we need a spotter?

When it comes to safety, a spotter is necessary for heavy equipment and vehicles to move safely when the operator cannot see the pending hazard.

  • Spotters should be used when lifting or moving materials with heavy equipment.
  • Maneuvering near, into, or inside buildings or other structures.
  • Passing under or near overhead power lines.
  • When in congested areas or physical hazards pose a risk of damage to our equipment and public or clients assets.

Spotters keep utilities, equipment and personnel safe while excavatingExcavation Spotter

Having the courage and experience to keep utilities, equipment and personnel safe while excavating.

  • Experienced, focused, knows, and understands his authority and responsibility.
  • Is willing to STOP work. Has courage to do so.
  • Maintain visual and verbal contact with the operator.
  • Have hand signals & communication worked out with operator.
  • Understands the color code of 811CO locate flags & marks.
  • Is aware of below ground indications of utilities such as warning tape, sand & bedding, previously compacted soils, trash and debris.
  • If the spotter has to leave the area then he has to notify operator and the task stops.
  • Knows the emergency response plan and who to contact if the operator/foreman is unable to or cannot respond.

Backing Spotter

Ask another to help you back in vehicles and trailers in congested areas and around public & client facilities.

  • Make sure the spotter and driver clearly understand each other’s hand signals and voice commands
  • If unsure of an instruction or direction the driver is the STOP.
  • Spotter to stay in view of the driver’s mirror and do not stand directly behind vehicle.
  • Spotter is not to walk backwards behind vehicle.
  • If driver loses sight of spotter stop immediately.
Being a spotter is a responsibility. Spotters are authorized to STOP Work to avoid strikes & mishaps.

How to Plan For and Limit Severe Weather Effects

Sever weather can heavily impact outdoor jobsWHY TALK ABOUT THE WEATHER?

Although we have no control over rain, snow, sleet, wind, lightning or sunshine; we can control what happens on our job & at home as a result of the elements. Some of the biggest obstacles we encounter are caused by rain, wind and lightning. Wind probably causes the most accidents; lightning can be deadly; rain makes mud and runoff compliance problems. All affect driving and commuting.


Do not let the wind catch you off guard. Do not just think of tornadoes or hurricanes, but of everyday winds and unexpected gusts. Wind can pick up anything and sail it away. So when it’s windy, securely tie or weight down supplies and materials. A gust can pick up a sheet of plywood from the top of the pile and carry it several hundred feet. Wind can blow your vehicle or equipment door closed in a second before you move your hand.


Every so often we read about someone being struck by lightning. This usually results in a fatal outcome.

We all like to keep things moving until we are rained out. But when lightning is around, it is safer to take shelter early and avoid the scramble. Often an electrical storm occurs without rain and most often lightning strikes come before the heavy rain. If you are working outside in the open, on top of steel framework, water tower, on the roof, or near equipment the safest thing to do is to seek shelter when you see lightning.

You will be reasonably safe from lightning inside the structure, particularly when equipped with grounding rods. You will also be fairly safe inside an automobile, heavy equipment or truck. Never take shelter under an isolated tree or where you’re outside in contact with a tractor, crane, or other metallic equipment. If you get caught out in the open, stay as low as you can and seek shelter. If you count less than 10 “Mississippi” between the thunder and the lightning flash, take shelter indoors immediately until 30 minutes after the storm passes.

Hail can be dangerous at any sizeRAIN & HAIL CAN RUIN A JOB

Rain is good for the lawn and the farmer but it plays havoc with a construction job. Once dry roads and sites can turn into a gigantic mud pie. Rain can ruin building materials and supplies and generally make things downright messy. Steel gets slippery, equipment gets stuck, and we all get wet.

Hail can be dangerous depending on the size. Pieces as small as ½ inch have seriously injured persons and collect in storm drains blocking flow flooding streets. Seek shelter for your vehicle and yourself at an overpass, gas station or in your garage when hail falls. Damage to roofs and vehicles by hail cost millions of dollars each year. We can eliminate slipping hazards by sweeping or pumping water out of low areas used as access and passageways.


By planning to secure and cover equipment, work in progress, materials, tools, supplies and ourselves; we do not give inclement weather a chance to do as much damage as it could. Have a plan for inclement weather and discuss it with your crew and family.

Discuss a plan with your family and workmates on what to do if inclement weather creates an issue. Power outage, lost production, localized flooding & inundation plus slippery muddy surfaces should all be considered. Establishing a rendezvous point and having tarps, pumps, unblocked storm drain and house rain gutters are all part of planning for wet weather.

Superintendents, foreman, and managers are to monitor the weather forecast. It is recommended to use a weather APP that will warn of pending extreme weather.

Inclement weather is powerful and unpredictable. Plan for the worst & work for the best.
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